Konstantin Melnikov (1890–1974) is unquestionably one of the outstanding architects of the 20th century – in spite of the fact that he fell silent early, leaving behind only limited work that was insufficiently publicized, and restricted almost exclusively to Moscow, the city of his birth in which he spent nearly his entire life and which did not appreciate him. He was raised in humble circumstances, but enjoyed an excellent education. Beginning in the mid-1920s, after the turmoil that followed the war, revolution and civil war, his career soared at almost meteoric speed as he took the lead in the young Soviet architecture movement with completely autonomous, highly artistic buildings that were free from dogmatism of any kind. Even more rapid than his rise to fame was his downfall: Treated with general hostility, he was unable to defend himself against the accusation of formalism when Stalin put an end to architectural ventures and experiments around the mid-1930s. He was expelled from the architects' association and was banned from practicing as an architect for the remaining four decades of his life.In the late 1920s, at the peak of his career, he had the opportunity to build a house for himself and his family in Moscow, in which he was then able to live until the end of his life. This house, a memorable symbiosis of almost peasantlike simplicity and extreme radicalness, is one of the most impressive, surprising and probably most enigmatic works produced by 20th-century architecture. Its simplicity is only outward, in reality this is a highly complex work which links together the elements of architecture explicitly and inextricably, which takes a clear and completely autonomous stand and which, in a way that little else has done, raises the question as to the nature of genuinely architectonic thinking. In essayistic form the book attempts to follow the paths laid out in the architect’s work from the perspective of an architect.Fritz Barth studied architecture in Stuttgart and Zurich. He runs an architect’s practice in Fellbach near Stuttgart, teaches at the TU Darmstadt and is the author of a series of books, including a study on the iconography of 16th-century Italian gardens (Die Villa Lante in Bagnaia, 2001), a monograph about the Bohemian Baroque master builder Johann Santini-Aichel (Santini, 2004) and a study of the fortifications of Francesco di Giorgio Martini (Martial Signifiers. Fortress Complexes by Francesco di Giorgio Martini, 2011).
This book presents topics on monitoring and evaluation of production processes in the automotive industry. Regulation of production processes is also described in details. The text deals with the implementation and evaluation of these processes during the mass production of components useful in the automotive industry. It evaluates the effects and results achieved after implementation in practice. The book takes into account the different methodologies of the world's automakers and applicable standards, such as standard EN ISO 9001 and the requirements of VDA and ISO/TS 16949. The content is used to those working with the development, production and quality control of new products in the demanding automotive industry. The information provided may also be useful to engineers and technical staff in organizations working with series production and production of spare parts for the automotive and other demanding industries. The content presented was written based on discussions with various companies and organizations, such as Magna Steyr (Graz, Austria), Ford (Cologne, Germany, Prague, CZ), GM Powertrain (Györ, Hungary), VW (Skoda), ZF (Passau, Friedrichshafen, Germany), Bosch-Rexroth AG (Fellbach, Germany), John Deere (Mannheim, Germany, USA), Claas (Paderborn, Germany), Allison Transmission (USA), Landini (Reggio Emilia, Milan, Italy), Timken Polska (Sosnowiec, Poland), SNR France (Annecy, France), Sweden SKF Group (Lutsk, Ukraine), ZVL Ltd. (Hattingen, Germany), ZVL SpA (Milano, Italy), FAG Schaeffler Group (Debrecen, Hungary), VPZ (Vologda, Russia), ZKL OJSC (Brno, CZ), ZVL Auto Company Ltd. (Presov, Slovakia), ZVL (Zilina, Slovakia), MAN (Munich, Germany), FTE Automotive (Kerpen, Germany), Rösler (Untermerzbach, Germany, Vienna, Austria), Spaleck (Bocholt, Germany) and Caterpillar (USA). This comprehensive study was supported by grant VEGA 1/0409/13.